Gastric bypass surgery, also known as Roux-en-Y, is performed to restrict food intake. In addition, it affects the change of bowel functions. Thus, it also reduces nutrient absorption. It is among the surgeries that have been widely performed recently. The organs treated in gastric bypass surgery are the stomach and intestines.
During the procedure, a significant change occurs in the structure of the stomach and intestines. As a result of gastric bypass surgery, a reduction in stomach volume occurs. As a result of this shrinkage, you cannot get too much food into your stomach. In addition, changes are made in the structure of the intestine. As a result of this change, decreases in nutrient absorption occur.
Gastric bypass surgery is applied to people with a certain weight index. In addition, it is a surgery performed for the treatment of diseases such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, comorbid conditions and sleep apnea. Thanks to gastric bypass surgery, there is a decrease in the mortality rates of diseases.
For this reason, it is considered an important type of surgery. Gastric Bypass surgery can be performed in 3 different ways according to the way it is performed. The type of gastric bypass surgery to be applied to the person is completely related to the discomfort he is experiencing.
How is Gastric Bypass Surgery Performed?
There are 2 different stages in Gastric Bypass surgery. Gastric bypass surgery, which is considered an important type of surgery, should be performed by experts in the field. At the first stage, the procedure is performed on the stomach. At this stage, the stomach is divided into 2, the upper part of which is small and the lower part is large.
The purpose of this separation process is to ensure that the eaten foods are collected in the small part. This section, which is set as small, has a maximum food collection capacity of 28 grams. Thus, the individual cannot consume too much food even if he wants to. Although the patient eats very little, he immediately begins to feel satisfied. This process is completed in the first stage of gastric bypass surgery.
In the second stage of the surgery, the bypass procedure, also known as bridging, is performed. At this stage, the process takes place on the small intestine. A change occurs in the structure of the small intestine. Thus, the long small intestinal tract becomes short. In this way, it is ensured that the nutrients coming to the small intestine tract are absorbed less.
The first part of the small intestine is skipped. In the first stage, the reduced stomach section and the lower part of the intestine are connected to each other. Every food eaten after this surgery is first transferred to that small part of the stomach and then to the middle part of the intestine.
Thus, the journey of nutrients in the body is shortened. As a result of gastric bypass surgery, the patient is allowed to eat less. At the same time, a serious decrease in calorie absorption occurs.
Is Gastric Bypass Surgery Suitable for Every Person with Weight Problems?
Gastric bypass surgery is a method applied for people with weight problems. However, not everyone who is overweight may be suitable for gastric bypass surgery. A number of tests are performed to understand whether the person is suitable for this surgery. As a result of these tests, it can be immediately determined what kind of drawbacks there are in undergoing surgery.
If there is no harm in having gastric bypass surgery, the necessary preparations for the surgery are carried out. Gastric bypass surgery is not a dangerous operation. However, it is recommended that people with a certain disease group have all the examinations done while undergoing gastric bypass surgery.
Between Which Age Ranges Can Gastric Bypass Be Performed?
The age range for gastric bypass surgery is somewhat uncertain. Gastric bypass surgery is recommended for patients between the ages of 18-65. However, in some cases, there may be changes between these age restrictions. If there is a special situation, the age range of gastric bypass surgery may vary between 13-70.
In such cases, the opinions of the specialist surgeon who will perform the gastric bypass surgery are very important. Gastric bypass surgery is an extremely serious operation. Being aware of the seriousness of this operation is important for maintaining your general health status. Therefore, be sure to listen to your doctor’s advice before deciding on gastric bypass surgery.
Will There Be Any Scars After Gastric Bypass Surgery?
Gastric bypass surgery is one of the most common methods in which people with obesity cannot lose weight naturally and go under the knife. You should know that when you have gastric bypass surgery, incisions will occur in your body.
Although these incisions are small, it may be inevitable that they will leave some scars. But you don’t have to worry about this. Because the scars after gastric bypass surgery do not exceed 1-2 cm.
Weight Loss with Gastric Bypass Surgery
People who are dealing with a dangerous weight problem such as obesity especially want to have information about gastric bypass surgery. Because people with this type of disease cannot lose weight naturally.
As a result of gastric bypass surgery, a serious weight loss can be achieved. If you have a careful lifestyle after the surgery, there will be no weight gain problem again. As a result of gastric bypass surgery, there is a serious change in absorption and food intake. Thanks to these changes, the individual loses weight quickly.
Gastric Bypass Surgery Prices
Gastric bypass surgery is an operation that can be covered by the state. However, in order for this surgery to be free of charge, it is necessary to exceed a certain weight index. People with a body mass index of 40 and above can have this surgery free of charge in public hospitals. The price of gastric bypass surgery in private hospitals varies. In this regard, you can exchange information about the price with the private hospital you prefer.
Nutrition After Gastric Bypass Surgery
After gastric bypass surgery, you should pay close attention to your diet. Because your stomach has just come out of surgery, it may have difficulty digesting food.
Your diet after gastric bypass surgery should be as follows:
- Make sure that what you eat is small pieces.
- Stop eating as soon as you feel full.
- Do not swallow food without chewing it completely.
- Eat slowly.
- Use the recommended vitamins after surgery.
- Pay attention to the consumption of sufficient amount of water.
- Consume liquid foods in sips.
- Do not consume foods that are not easy to digest.
- Stay away from carbonated drinks.
- Stay away from overfeeding.
If you pay attention to these nutritional rules after gastric bypass surgery, your recovery process will be easier. Gastric bypass surgery is preferred primarily for the treatment of obesity. Because obesity patients can no longer do much about weight loss. Thanks to gastric bypass surgery, the control of the stomach and intestines is taken.
The stomach and intestines, which are reduced and reconnected to each other, continue to perform their former function. Only the change in absorption and eating capacity occurs. The individual begins to eat less after gastric bypass surgery. In this way, weight gain is prevented. In addition, the nutrients absorbed in the small intestines are reduced.
This prevents too much absorption into the body. Although the result of gastric bypass surgery is certain, it is up to you to keep this result for life. If you return to your old eating habits immediately after the surgery, this surgery will have no meaning.
Therefore, you should be in contact with your doctor in the postoperative period. Your doctor will give you all the details about what to do after gastric bypass. In order to continue living a healthy life, you should make a habit of eating healthy.